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MFF last won the day on April 10

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About MFF

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    600L Tropheus
    600L Discus
    600L Community
    80L Killifish
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  1. Good luck Mick, hope he pulls through.
  2. Better to get several smaller heaters (if you can call 400 W a small aquarium heater!) and spread them out a bit in the tank/sump. Two main reasons I know of are a) would help to get more even heating, better chance of avoiding hot/cool spots, and b) in the event of a heater failure, less likely to have issues especially considering that most heaters fail in the "ON" position, i.e. permanently on. A tank that size could probably cope with one 400W heater on permanently, give you plenty of time to notice there's an issue.
  3. mate I tried to pm you, but it tells me you are unable to receive messages?
  4. I agree Mick, cardinals are cool. But if OP wants the blue rams to be the centrepiece, then I'd go with rummynose or - my other suggestion - harlequin rasboras. They school very nicely, probably better than tetras in the absence of a predator.
  5. This is what Africans do. Lombardoi are also quite aggro fish. Your tank would be a narrow 4 ft? I think the size is fine, although the Venustus gets a bit big for that tank. One issue I would expect is not having enough of the Lombardoi. You want a group with 1 male and maybe 4-5 females. Then you also need plenty of hiding spaces for the females, rocks and such, so that the aggression from the male is "shared" among the females. The other issue is whether the male Lombardoi (being Yellow) has a problem with Electric Yellows (which are also Yellow). Not sure, I've never kept these together, but sometimes they have issues with different fish with a similar colour/patterning. If you wanted to swap the Lombardoi for something else, you could look at Demasoni, a group of 6-8, which would fit nicely in your tank (instead of the Lombardoi - don't try these together!).
  6. Also - if the exit point of the hose is significantly lower than the (descending) water level in the tank, it will also go faster. A siphon is sucked through proportional to the height difference between inflow and outflow. Doesn't matter how high the hose reaches in between - although this will have an impact on how easy/difficult it is to get the siphon started. What's a "big tank" for you? My tanks are 600 L, and they drain by 30% (the size of my water changes) in about 12 minutes using a pretty small diameter hose. This gives me time to suction the gravel/sand as well - too fast, and you can't clean the surface of the substrate.
  7. Large red-tailed sharks do not play nice together. That wound is probably a bite inflicted by one of the other two sharks. My guess is you'll need to separate the other two as well, or you'll have a second casualty. As for this particular victim - if it is indeed a bite, best you can do is try to feed it, don't over-medicate, and hope that it will heal.
  8. No worries Jane. Remember my tank is quite a bit bigger than yours - I wouldn't put Angelfish or Discus in a 65L tank. Also in 65L, you'd be better off with 3 females rather than just a single one. And make sure there are some hiding places for the females. Finally, Bettas are very hardy fish in regards to water parameters, so they are actually quite good fish for maturing a tank. Unlike neons! You need to get the water stable and the biological filtration going before adding things like neons. I would get the filter started, get some test kits and measure the ammonia/nitrite/nitrate in the water first. Once you believe the tank has cycled (probably 2-3 weeks), then add the bettas (M+3F), then a week (at least) later add some other fish, like tetras. Another good fish for a tank your size is a dwarf gourami (possibly a pair). But not regular gouramis, they get too big.
  9. Hi Jane, I have a (180cm long) 600 L tank with Discus, Angels, several species of Cory, Blue Rams, Peppermint Bristlenose, Rummynose tetras, Pristella tetras, Black Neon tetras - and one Male and one Female Betta. Bettas can work well in large tanks with a wide variety of fish. Even with things (like angels) that might be considered fin nippers, as long as they have space - although I would still be reluctant to add things like Tiger Barbs or Serpae tetra to the mix. Ideally there would be multiple females but in a large tank like mine, the single female can have her own space as well. There used to be multiple females, but he apparently wasn't happy with the others and did them in. Your questions: 1. I would go with the old fashioned ones that stick inside the tank, with ball bearings at the base around the bulb. 2. Heater should definitely be below the water - at least the part of the heater that gets hot. Otherwise you risk the glass cracking. You can leave the control end sticking out, but the bit that actually does the heating should be submerged. 3. Not necessarily. My bettas were some of the earliest fish in the tank. Contrary to popular belief, I've always found the betta to be the fish most in danger of getting killed - it is called a "fighting fish", but it only fights with other male bettas, not with other fish. Other fish can be quite attracted to the long flowing fins though, so the betta is easily picked on, if you have the "wrong" fish for the tank. As a general rule, you should add the most territorial and/or the most aggressive fish last. Bettas are neither territorial nor aggressive (to other fish - but only a single male betta per tank regardless of size). 4. Definiltely some kind of LED. There are plenty on the market, and they can be supported by a bracket that rests on the edge of the tank. Or just on the lids - LED lights are lightweight enough it's not a problem. You should enjoy the behaviour of the betta in a larger tank - especially if you add some live plants (like banana lilies that reach the surface) and a few females. It's quite easy to get them to spawn also, if you don't have too much movement in the water column. Great fish that deserve so much more than the little beakers you often see them in. Good luck. Michael
  10. Hilarious! Good work. Must be quite difficult reaching to the bottom of the barrel for maintenance though.
  11. There's some big fish!
  12. Agreed, didn't pay much attention to this chart before, but it has Angels & Bettas RED - works perfectly well, should be GREEN. Angels & Discus are RED - should be ORANGE at worst. It also suggest you can keep plants with Africans - well, I'm giving it a go, and it's bloody hard work!!
  13. This all looks good Doug. All the later posts are quite legible. Thanks.
  14. Never mind, I found the text - it appears all black just like the background until I "selected" the text.
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